The Alhambra and the Generalife are a must-see. Built between the 13th and 15th centuries by the kings of the Nasrid dynasty as a fortress and royal palace, this is one of Europe's main monument constructions.
The Alhambra, which takes its name from its reddish walls ("qa'lat al-Hamra" in Arabic, meaning Red Castle), is situated atop the hill of al-Sabika on the left side of Darro River, in the east of the city of Granada, and opposite the El Albayzín and Alcazaba neighbourhoods. Its strategic position, from which the whole city and surroundings can be observed, is a throwback to previous constructions when the Muslims arrived in Spain. The fully walled structure has an irregular form limited to the north by the Darro Valley, to the south by al-Sabika Valley, and to the east by Rey Chico Hill, which also separates it from El Albayzín and the Generalife.
The Generalife is a villa with gardens. It was used by the Muslim rulers of Granada as a place for rest and relaxation. It was conceived as a rural villa, where ornamental gardens, vegetable patches and architecture combined near the Alhambra.
In 1984 it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.